One of the most effective fertility treatments is ovarian stimulation, used either to treat ovulation disorders or to increase the chances of successful assisted reproduction.
When used alone, it is administered to regulate or induce monoovulation (ovulation of a single egg), restoring natural fertility.
In the case of in vitro fertilization, the goal is to obtain more mature eggs, respectively more embryos and to allow the selection of viable embryos.
When is ovarian stimulation recommended?
- Ovulation or hormonal dysfunction
- Unidentified infertility
- In association with assisted reproduction techniques
What are the risks?
- Multiple pregnancy (twins or triplets)
- Ovarian cysts – usually functional, disappear spontaneously
Medication side effects:
- Abdominal discomfort, bloating
- Discomfort at the injection site,
- Alergic reactions
Other risks that cannot be excluded:
- Extrauterine pregnancy, miscarriage or other complications of pregnancy
- Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome – rarely occurs outside of IVF
What are the chances of success?
- Ovulation is obtained in over 90% of cases
- The monthly chance of pregnancy is 5-10% in women under 35 years
The monthly chance of getting pregnant is lower if:
- The age is over 35 years
- The cause of infertility is not the lack of ovulation or is not identified
- The duration of infertility is over 2 years
How long do ovarian stimulation take before switching to other treatments?
- If infertility is caused by lack of ovulation (anovulation), 3 to 6 cycles of treatment are recommended before considering other options.
Are the injections painful?
- The vast majority of injections are given subcutaneously and are not painful.
Can hormone treatment have long-term risks?
- Long-term studies do not show an increased risk after hormonal stimulation.
Do more ovarian stimulation speed up menopause?
- Ovarian stimulation does not consume the eggs faster, but, on the contrary, saves eggs that would have been lost in that cycle, allows them to grow and ovulate.